A report from the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy shows that many states, including Pennsylvania have work to do to better support electric vehicles (EVs) and EV infrastructure in their states.
The report identifies commendable efforts from states such as Virginia, which has established incentives for electric vehicles such as trucks and buses; and Minnesota, which has issued guidelines for utilities’ investment in charging stations and announced its intent to adopt California’s zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) program.
We’ll get to where Pennsylvania ranked, but first, here’s a quick glossary of some terms that are frequently used in the report.
Light-duty (LD): Passenger cars, SUVs, and light trucks. These vehicles have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 8,500 pounds or less. GVWR refers to the maximum weight of a vehicle safely loaded with passengers, fuel, and accessories.
Heavy-duty (HD): Medium-size and large commercial vehicles, buses, and heavy pickup trucks. These vehicles have a GVWR of more than 8,500 pounds.
Electric vehicle (EV) and EV charging infrastructure planning and goal setting: Government-led planning actions for transportation electrification as well as binding and nonbinding target setting for EV and charging infrastructure deployment .
Incentives for EV deployment: Financial and nonfinancial incentives to spur EV purchases and the installation of necessary charging infrastructure.
Transportation system efficiency: Policies that support the deployment of EVs while maximizing emissions reduction and improving accessible, cost-effective, equitable, and clean mobility options for all.
Electricity grid optimization: Actions taken by public utility commissions (PUCs) to support utility management of EV charging to maximize reliability and minimize costs and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
EV equity: state and utility efforts to ensure access to electrified transportation in low-income, economically distressed, and environmental justice (EJ) communities.
Transportation electrification outcomes: metrics that track progress or evaluate results on EV adoption, infrastructure installation, and GHG emissions.
Pennsylvania ranked 17th nationally among states and Washington D.C.
Here’s how it scored in the seven policy categories:
Planning and Goals … 6/17 points
Incentives for EV deployment … 17/30 points
Transportation system efficiency … 2/12 points
Electricity grid optimization … 4/10 points
Equity … 1/10 points
Outcomes … 4/21 points
Total … 34/100 points
ACEEE then ranked the top 30 states across six categories for planning and goal setting when it comes to transportation electrification efforts.
In this ranking, Pennsylvania tied with Nevada for the 18th spot.
Here’s how it scored in the six categories:
EV and EV charging Infrastructure plans … 4/4 points
LD EV adoption goals and ZEV mandates … 0/4 points
HD EV adoption goals and ZEV mandates … 2/4 points
Utility EV charging infrastructure goals … 0/2 points
EV-suppotive building codes … 0/2 points
Low-carbon fuel standard … 0/1 points
Total … 6/17 points.
The report noted, “Although the states are in different phases of progress, every state can do more.”