Good Wednesday Morning, Fellow Seekers.
As progressives in the Pennsylvania Legislature gear up for another run at eliminating cash bail in the new session, they might want to train their gaze a few hundred miles to the west for a blueprint on how to get it over the goal line.
The Land of Lincoln will start transitioning away from cash bail starting in January 2023, The Pantagraph, of Bloomington, Ill., reported. The legislation still awaits the signature of Gov. J.B. Pritzker, a Democrat.
Reformers have long sought to eliminate cash bail, which can result in people spending weeks or months in jail as they await trial. Those most often caught in what some call the criminalization of poverty, are people of color and the poor. Abolitionists, as The Pantagraph notes, also have argued that the presumption of innocence should carry with it the presumption of freedom, except for the most severe and extreme cases.
In Pennsylvania, state Rep. Summer Lee, a progressive Democrat from Pittsburgh, recently began seeking co-sponsors for a bill that would end cash bail in Pennsylvania. Lee, who is Black, has called the state’s current system a “de facto debtor’s prison.”
“The bail process in Pennsylvania too often centers on an individual’s ability to pay rather than the individual’s risk to public safety,” Lee wrote in a ‘Dear Colleague‘ memo. “Because it includes no review of one’s ability to pay monetary bail, it frequently assigns cash bail to those who do not have the means to pay for release. This leads to lengthy periods of imprisonment, sometimes years, putting employment, housing, child custody and other means of a stable and productive life at risk.”
While it wasn’t without its struggles, abolitionists in Illinois enjoy one advantage that their Keystone State colleagues do not: Democrats control the Illinois governor’s office and both chambers of the General Assembly.
But exception language embedded in the Illinois bill could provide a balm to legislative Republicans in Pennsylvania, and to the remaining Blue Dogs who still remain in the Democratic caucuses in the state House and Senate.
Under the Illinois legislation, people would be kept in jail if they allegedly committed “forcible felonies such as first-degree murder, sexual assault, arson and any other felony involving the use or threat of physical force; stalking and aggravated stalking where the defendant poses a threat to the victim if released; abuse or battery of a family member where their release poses a danger to that family member; gun crimes where the defendant poses a threat to a specific, identifiable person; and cases where the defendant has committed a felony that wouldn’t otherwise result in detention but they are considered a high risk of fleeing prosecution and missing their court date,” according to the Pantagraph.
The Pantagraph goes on to report that the Illinois bill also puts conditions on pre-trial release, and while “the legislation provides guidelines as to what should be considered when establishing conditions – such as the nature of the crime, the evidence available and the history of the defendant – it does not establish what those conditions will be.”
Libertarian and small government conservatives also might be lured in by language in the Illinois law requiring the state to prove that someone should be detained, rather than putting that burden on the accused.
All of that — and more — could be hashed out in the committee debate over the bill.
At a time when Pennsylvania, and county governments, are looking to tighten their budgetary belts, ending cash bail could end up being a win for reformers and the fiscally conscious alike. And that’s the coalition that’s worked together on successful reform pushes in the past.
In her co-sponsorship memo, Lee argued that even six months’ of imprisonment costs up to $20,000 per-person, or nearly half the $42,727 it costs to house an incarcerated individual in Pennsylvania’s state prisons, according to 2015 data compiled by the Vera Institute.
“Cash bail is an antiquated sect of our justice system that creates a de facto debtors’ prison by disproportionately jailing the indigent,” Lee wrote in her memo. “The costs averted by ending the mass incarceration of pretrial detainees will more than compensate for bail maintenance fees collected by counties throughout the Commonwealth. It is time for us to exit the dark age of the cash bail system, and instead return to non-financial release using standardized, validated risk assessments to determine who and how to release.”
As the U.S. Senate gears up for another impeachment trial, U.S. Rep. Madeleine Dean finds herself back on familiar turf. The Montgomery County Democrat will again be one of the House managers arguing for Donald Trump’s conviction. She talks to Capital-Star Washington Reporter Laura Olson about what she’s expecting, and what’s at stake for the nation, as the political drama again unfolds on Capitol Hill.
U.S. Rep. Mary Gay Scanlon, D-5th District, held a town hall for her constituents on Tuesday night. And as you might imagine, they had plenty of questions. Correspondent Nick Field runs it down.
The Biden administration has unveiled its plan to boost state COVID-19 vaccine shipments. In Pennsylvania. Gov. Tom Wolf says the state is trying to improve its rollout. Washington Reporter Laura Olson, with an assist from Staff Reporter Stephen Caruso, has the details.
On our Commentary Page this morning, Ryan Sanders, who once ran for the Congressional seat now held by Republican U.S. Rep. Scott Perry, lays out the case for why Perry needs to resign over recent revelations over election fraud. And Eric Rosso, of the progressive advocacy Pennsylvania Spotlight, talks about the rising influence of conservative billionaire Jeffrey Yass.
Clearly marked legal observers, who were at the protests over the police killing of Walter Wallace Jr., have sued the Philadelphia Police Department, alleging brutality, the Inquirer reports.
A graduate of Baldwin High School in Pittsburgh is set to be named the Biden administration’s acting U.S. surgeon general, the Post-Gazette reports.
Teachers talk to PennLive about how they’re coping with the ongoing demands of the pandemic (paywall).
U.S. Sen. Pat Toomey, R-Pa., says he’s following the Constitution by voting against motion to dismiss the Trump impeachment trial, the Morning Call reports.
Some health experts say wearing two masks is better than one, the Citizens-Voice reports.
Here’s your #Pittsburgh Instagram of the Day.
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Philadelphia hospitals have started giving COVID-19 vaccinations to their patients. WHYY-FM explains how that works.
The state Senate has approved a proposed constitutional amendment limiting Gov. Tom Wolf’s emergency powers, putting it on track for the ballot, pending House approval, WITF-FM reports.
The York Daily Record looks at what’s next for U.S. Rep. Scott Perry, R-10th District (paywall).
Staff at a hospital in Erie are hitting the road to deliver COVID-19 vaccinations, GoErie reports.
In a new ad, Democrats are blasting Sen. Doug Mastriano, R-Adams, over the Capitol riot, PoliticsPA reports.
Stateline.org examines how state Legislatures are dealing with racism in policing.
He’s out of office, but Capitol Hill Republicans just can’t quit Donald Trump, Politico reports.
What Goes On.
The House and Senate both come in at 11 a.m. today.
You Say It’s Your Birthday Dept.
Best wishes go out this morning to Erik Arneson, in the office of state Treasurer Stacy Garrity; Julia Terruso, of the Philadelphia Inquirer, and Megan Lehman at the Pa. Dept. of Environmental Protection, all of whom celebrate today. Congratulations, and enjoy the day.
Here’s some dreamy pop from The Neighbourhood to get your Wednesday morning rolling. It’s ‘Stargazing.’
Wednesday’s Gratuitous Hockey Link.
Winnipeg came roaring to life in the third period against Edmonton on Tuesday night, scoring five goals to beat the Oilers 6-4. The Jets have won four of their last five games.
And now you’re up to date.