By Meg Fair
PITTSBURGH — The election in November was framed as a crossroads, and while President-elect Joe Biden came out on top on the national level, down-ballot races in Pennsylvania showed Democrats losing ground and seats.
As many paced around on election night and the days to follow, local LGBTQ activists were already forging ahead with the work that needed to be done — work that existed before the election on issues that aren’t immediately solved by an election, either.
Dena Stanley, CEO and founder of TransYOUniting, has been hard at work. After a summer of marching in the streets, Stanley is currently focused on the survival of LGBTQ community members. “Right now my focus is on making sure every trans person has a place to stay and a hot meal, making sure people are not out in the cold in the middle of a pandemic,” she said.
The pandemic has certainly worsened economic circumstances for many, and members of the LGBTQ community, particularly trans people of color, were already economically vulnerable.
According to a 2019 UCLA study, 21.6 percent of LGBTQ people experience poverty, with that number reaching 30.8 percent for queer Black people. “Pittsburgh’s Inequality Across Gender and Race” 2019 report demonstrated that Black people living in Pittsburgh face serious health and economic disadvantages, and all of these data points are exacerbated by 2020’s pandemic recession.
So while a Biden victory will mean some wins for the the LGBTQ community, such as overturning Trump’s anti-trans policies, local Pittsburgh leaders and elected officials still realize there are many goals to accomplish, and the fight for equality continues.
“When results started coming in, no matter who won, there was gonna be work that had to be done,” says Stanley. “It would be a little harder with Trump, and with Biden we can have a little more of a fighting chance, but it’s still hard.”
Pennsylvania still does not have any legislation that provides legal protection to members of the LGBTQ community. Pittsburgh and Allegheny County have passed nondiscrimination protections that protect on the grounds of gender identity and expression, as well as sexual orientation, but the surrounding counties have no protections. That means LGBTQ people are left vulnerable to evictions, housing discrimination, and a lack of public accommodations with no legal recourse if they are targeted.
“Outside of the county, you can evict trans people, you don’t have to accept them in hospitals, and it’s not against the law. You can treat a trans person any way you want. It’s unacceptable. That’s why we were in the streets [this year], to remind people of that,” Stanley said.
And organizing around trans issues benefits the whole LGBTQ community. “When you take trans women, since they are at the bottom of the barrel, when you elevate them, you elevate the whole community,” Stanley said.
A Biden victory is a relief for most, but the relief is relative, and some advocates are still skeptical. As Attorney General of California, Vice President-elect Kamala Harris defended the denial of gender-affirming surgery for Michelle Norsworthy, a trans woman imprisoned in a men’s facility. While Biden’s campaign platform did include guidance about inmates receiving gender-affirming care and being assigned by gender, local organizers are not comforted.
Allegheny County Jail has a record of housing trans women with male prisoners, and trans women of color are disproportionately criminalized and incarcerated. ACJ also tends to use solitary confinement as a way to separate trans inmates when they voice concerns, a practice many consider inhumane. The Alliance for Police Accountability in Pittsburgh is working on two ballot initiatives, one of which is to end solitary confinement at the jail.
“The elimination of solitary confinement is something that will benefit Black trans people [in ACJ],” says Jalina McClarin, a Pittsburgh activist and abolitionist. McClarin has spent this year organizing around defunding and abolishing the police, as well as working with Stop The Station, a movement against relocating a police station to East Liberty.
And while elimination of solitary confinement will especially help trans women of color, activists believe it will also help all incarcerated people.
State Rep.-Elect Jessica Benham, of Allegheny County’s 36th House District, agrees with that sentiment, that fixing conditions for the most vulnerable translates to fixing societal problems overall.
“All issues are LGBTQ issues — we are people who need housing, health care, education, paid sick leave. These all apply to the broad population and impact us too,” said Benham, who openly identifies as bisexual. “It may impact us [in the LGBTQ community] differently, but we all benefit from prioritizing things like public health and economic recovery.”
Benham ran and won as an openly queer woman, as well as the first autistic person to win a representative seat. Benham feels addressing broader societal issues gives legislators the chance to zoom in on the specific ways that vulnerable communities are impacted.
“But as someone with a disability and a queer person, I know how unwelcoming politics can be,” Benham said.
She seeks to make politics and the political process more accessible by hopping on Facebook Live to break down what’s happening in Harrisburg, explain the processes for passing legislation, and creating transparency.
“It can be confusing, and I want to help people engage with government in a way that makes sense to them. Government is supposed to be of the people, be by the people, for the people, after all,” Benham said. “It’s shameful when elected officials only engage during an election.”
TransYOUniting’s Trans Visibility Thursdays were used as a vessel of education regarding the election and trans issues.
“Demonstration culture is a way for us to educate our people and educate other folks who never experienced our people, to help people get a better understanding of what’s going on and how the system is working,” Stanley said. “A lot of folks don’t understand how the systems work. It’s a major problem. We have to be educating folks so they know their rights when it comes to voting and getting the right people in office.”
Unfortunately for members of the LGBTQ community, there are several politicians in office who openly do not support LGBTQ rights. State Rep.-elect Rob Mercuri (R-Pine) won his North Hills seat after transphobic mailers were sent out on his behalf by the PA Family Council, a group that openly opposes same-sex marriage and supports businesses discriminating against LGBTQ people. His opponent, candidate Emily Skopov (D-Marshall), ran ads against Mercuri and the mailers. While the district went for Biden, Mercuri won his state representative race.
“The PA Family Institute that put out that mailer is trash,” said Jessica Semler, who is openly queer and an Etna borough councilor. “While Mercuri won, I don’t think the transphobic messaging was a deciding factor. Conservatives love to demonize folks who have abortions or are LGBTQ because they don’t see these folks as whole people who have families, friends, and are part of our communities. That’s why it was great that Skopov in no uncertain terms addressed the mailer.”
Benham also believes that the transphobic attacks and Skopov’s response did not help Mercuri win, seeing as Skopov received a higher vote share than she did when she ran in 2018. “We live in a state that has a pro-Republican gerrymander [for state legislative districts], so when we have a red wave and a blue wave on historic levels, the Republican is going to win,” Benham said.
With a Republican majority in the state House and local and state conservative politicians leaning on transphobia to rile up their voter base, the passage of a state-wide protection for LGBTQ people may seem unlikely. Benham, however, believes that if a bill actually made it to the floor, it would pass.
“The majority of Pennsylvanians support civil rights protections, so I think if it came to the floor, there are enough Republicans who support it and it would pass,” Benham explained. “The difficulty is getting leadership to bring pro-LGBTQ bills to the floor for a vote.”
Stanley believes that a state-wide non-discrimination bill would be very useful.
“Having a non-discrimination bill in the state of Pa., being a model state for the rest of the country — that’s really really important. Only certain counties have ordinances, and if it passed on a state-wide level, folks will know it’s against the law to discriminate, and we’re not going to tolerate it,” Stanley said.
Some local boroughs are trying to fill the state gaps until that happens. Crafton and Etna, two suburbs of Pittsburgh, have both passed non-discrimination ordinances to protect LGBTQ residents. These ordinances protect people based on sexual orientation, gender expression, and identity. On the other hand, Sharpsburg Borough, whose council is entirely Democrats, rejected a non-discrimination ordinance 4-3 in October.
For Semler, the issue is close to home. She is a queer woman, and showing other queer people they have a place in public space is important to her.
“Without action from the state, municipalities need to step up to protect their residents. Ross Township passed a non-discrimination ordinance in 2018, and I wanted to do the same in Etna,” Semler said. “Etna passed ours, followed a week later by Crafton. I’ve heard from folks from six other municipalities so far who have asked how they might begin to start something where they are. I really hope this creates a rainbow domino effect.”
While this election season has passed for Pennsylvanians, progressive legislators and organizers stress there is still much work to do on the local and state level. Biden may be entering the White House in a few weeks, but there is still a pandemic, a recession, police and incarceration issues, and transphobia on a national level.
“A small victory is a small victory and does not change any of the work that needs done,” McClarin said.
As LGBTQ organizers continue to forge ahead with the work needed to be done for their community post-election, they’re also looking ahead to local issues in 2021.
In tandem with organizing around issues affecting local trans and queer folks, including ending solitary confinement at the Allegheny County Jail, organizers like Pittsburgh activist Jalina McClarin are also concerned about the impact that the proposed 2021 budget for Pittsburgh will have on the LGBTQ community.
Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto announced the budget in November, with a spending plan of $564 million.
“The budget that Peduto put out is a disgrace,” McClarin said. “The police in this budget are getting a larger share of the budget than they ever had before. The rest of the budget is defunded by like 6 or 8 percent while [the police] are by 2 percent. They drastically cut the emergency medical services budget.”
Dena Stanley, CEO and founder of TransYOUniting, also expresses concerns about the budget. “This budget is putting more money into police, cutting funding for housing and food and committees that ensure people will be in a better position,” says Stanley.
McClarin notes that moving money in that budget back into social services, housing, and health care would benefit LGBTQ people.
“Queer people disproportionately face these inequalities. There’s the need for affordable housing, the need for health care because of how often we are cut off from our families, from our support systems,” McClarin said.
Peduto is up for re-election in 2021, along with council members Theresa Kail-Smith, Anthony Coghill, Daniel Lavelle, and Erika Strassburger.
Meg Fair is a reporter for Pittsburgh City Paper, where this story first appeared.